The Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is an ecosystem unique to South Africa. It is recognised as one of the six floral kingdoms of the world and, given its biodiversity and potential high level of endemism, has been registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As a major tourist attraction, the CFR contributes significantly to the economy of South Africa, and many communities surrounding the CFR depend on this income. In addition, quite a number of fynbos species are used by local communities for medicinal purposes – a practise that goes hand-in-hand with a wealth of traditional knowledge in itself unique to these communities. To help safeguard this treasure, the NVT contributes significantly to research on and creating community awareness around southern Cape fynbos.